Flood and water damage can be very destructive for any home. It damages the whole house, such that it is one of the red flags of any potential home buyer. It is very notorious in lowering the market value of any real estate property because of the havoc that it brings.
So what are the dangers of flood and water damage in residential homes? Put, it damages the structure of the property by causing warping, discoloration, and then rotting. Unaddressed for a bit longer, it gives way to mold growth. Once mold sets in, health problems among household members can be inevitable.
What is Water and Flood Damage?
Water damage or flood damage is when water is introduced in an area where it is not supposed to be. It could either be a minor yet persistent leak that gets absorbed by porous materials and home fixtures. It could also either be wat6er that gets pooled because the elements surrounding it are non-porous enough to absorb the flood water immediately.
Water and flood damage can be very destructive. Safety-wise, it can even cause electric shocks, or worse, electrocution. It can also cause minor injuries like slips. Unaddressed flooding can also invite mosquito-borne illnesses like malaria and dengue.
As for the home fixtures, it can damage appliances and electronics. Most electronics will not be able to sustain water damage, and appliances are just the same. When kitchen appliances are flooded, sanitation concerns could also become an issue.
Paint and wallpaper could also be damaged. Discoloration and warping are all too common when it comes to sustained water damage in ceilings and walls. Moreover, it could be unsightly too, especially in the bathroom, kitchen, and living areas.
Molds and mildew are also common in water and flood-damaged homes. It brings in considerable health risks such as respiratory issues, migraines and constant headaches, and even mental health issues in the long term. Molds are also known as allergy triggers, and could even cause bronchial asthma to young children. The elderly and the immune-compromised are also more likely to fall ill upon exposure to mold spores.
Initial symptoms of mold spore inhalation have hay-fever like symptoms. Constant sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, and coughing are common symptoms that occur on individuals exposed to molds. It is crucial to immediately address mold problems to eliminate the health risks mentioned above.
How Should a Homeowner Deal with Water or Flood Damage?
The short answer to this question is IMMEDIATELY. A homeowner has to act on flood damage or water damage problem at once. If it is a plumbing leak that has caused damage to a cabinet, the ceiling, or any part of the home, immediate repair is warranted. If the water damage occurred in the bathroom, it has to be immediately addressed and cleaned up too. Basement flooding has to be remediated by professionals ASAP to prevent mold growth.
Licensed water or flood damage contractor should repair the home that has sustained any amount of flooding in his house. Only licensed contractors have the appropriate skills, equipment, and safety training to carry out water and flood damage repair efficiently. They can also ensure that future concerns such as molds and bacterial growth can be prevented.
Such is possible because contractors do not only have water extraction equipment; they also offer total moisture removal and dehumidification services. That will eliminate moisture and humidity in the affected area. Likewise, they have sanitation and disinfection procedures that ensure that the whole house can be safely reoccupied following a flooding event.
It is crucial to hire a reliable water and flood damage contractor who can immediately provide help with the issue. Seek referrals to address gradual water damage as soon as possible. For flooding emergencies, know that there are contractors who can provide emergency water extraction services 24 hours a day 365 days a year. Get in touch with an emergency contractor who can be on-site within an hour. When it comes to water or flood damage, an urgent response is vital to minimize further damage to the property.
Classes of Water Damage
Determining the class of a specific water damage occurrence is helpful for repair contractors because it provides clues to the type of equipment and technique that need to be utilized for the repair.
Class 1 water damage is the least destructive class. This usually occurs on only one portion of the house. The materials that may have been soaking in the flood water are either non-porous or has low permeance. This means it does not absorb the flood water as fast as porous objects.
Class 2 water damage has a quick rate of evaporation. The fast pace of floodwater evaporation occurs because most of the materials soaked in the inundation are absorbent and can hold water. These include carpeting, upholstery, drapery and other porous fixtures inside the house. The floodwaters though have to be below two feet. Any level more than that is categorized into the next class of water damage.
Class 3 water damage has the most immediate and quickest rate of evaporation. This is usually caused by roof troubles and weather-related disturbances that pour water over the roof area. The water gets absorbed from the ceiling down to every structure, material, and fixture inside the home.
Class 4 water damage meanwhile requires a specialized technique for extracting and thoroughly drying the flooded area. This means that water damage has occurred in less familiar areas such as crawlspaces. It can also occur in other parts of the house with hardwood floors and plasters.
Water damage can be very destructive. The homeowner must act quickly on the matter. Leaving water damage unaddressed only makes the situation worse. Apart from structural rotting, unaddressed water damage can give way to mold growth.